Blackjack Card Game Rules: how to play and how to win

Blackjack is one of the fascinating games you can find out there. It comes with a simple set of rules, and yet, it tends to be quite profound. And, indeed, the more time you spend studying the card game, the better you may become playing it, whether you do that in person or at an online casino. Online blackjack Australia is very popular, and because there are so many people looking to find out more on “blackjack how to play”, we have put together a detailed breakdown. To master black jack rules, all you need to do is adhere to the following detailed guide.

On this page, we will walk you through everything that you need to know. We have included the basic concepts and terminology, explaining every step of the way, from what blackjack cards are to how to bet in blackjack. Before you can start your first game, you will naturally need to be a little more familiar with the card values, and this is where we will begin to. The blackjack rules are simple, and we will prove this in a moment.

Blackjack Cards Value

You could be thinking that the concept of the game is overly complicated. After all, people do end up winning millions playing the game, and if it were so simple, everybody would be doing it. This is true, yet the black jack rules are nothing you should be too worried about.

Each card has a designated value, and when you learn how to play black jack, you will immediately notice that these values are elementary to remember. Now, there are several rules specifics, you need to memorise, and the rest will fall in place.

  • Ace in blackjack can count as either 1 or 11

  • Cards from 10 to King, including the Jack and Queen, all valued at 10.

    = 10
  • Cards from 2 through 9 are all indicated with their face values.

    = 8

After all, there are suits. This is a great observation, but they play no part when it comes to this card game. The value remains unchanged, and the only thing that matters is what type of card you have in your hand.

Now it's important to remember that the Ace in blackjack adds a twist. It also lends a whole new meaning to the game. Because of the card’s added flexibility, when you have an Ace, you will play a so-called "soft hand," which means you can count the Ace as both one or 11.

To get a bit of a head start, we recommend using a blackjack basic strategy chart for your convenience. We help you know what hands to play and when.

  • 3, 8, А 3+8+1=12

    = 12
  • 3, J, 7 = 20

    = 20
  • A, 8 = 19

    = 19
  • A, J = 21

    = 21

The above information is designed to give you a rapid breakdown of the black jack rules that determine and guide your hand-making decisions. You don’t want to break the rules by going over twenty-one, but sometimes you may be tempted to take on more considerable risks because the only way to beat the dealer’s hand is to muster a stronger one.

The good news is that all blackjack rules apply to the dealer and player in equal measure, so you will never be at a disadvantage in making specific calls. Just keep the rules in mind and act accordingly. In fact, you can easily tell what strategy to assume by just having a look at the version of the game.

Does the dealer hit on a soft or hard hand? Do they stand? While these blackjack rules are a little more advanced, they will still be a part of your basic understanding of the game and what course of action is available and applicable.

Basic Concept and Terminology

The key to understanding the 21 blackjack game is to familiarise yourself with the basic concepts and blackjack rules. There is no inherent difficulty in this and, just like you now know what cards are worth, you should have no trouble understanding the remainder of building blocks that allow you to play.

We have put the terms down in a list for your convenience. We explain what each means without pursuing previous knowledge about the game on your part. We will offer a slightly more detailed breakdown, focusing on the more in-depth terms, after. Here’s how your blackjack training begins.

Basic Terms

Player Anyone who participates in the game and is not the casino is considered a player. You are a player, and as such you have the right to sit at any table you wish and participate in those games that you enjoy and find worthwhile.
Dealer The black jack dealer is the person who is in charge of the table. He will deal with cards, follow the game, monitor for players counting cards, and make sure you are having a good time. Dealers are in charge of the overall gameplay, and they are there to make sure everything is running smoothly.
Shoe Known as the dealing shoe or the dealer's shoe, this is the place where all the cards go. A shoe is there to ensure that no cards can be inserted randomly and that the game can remain fair for all participants involved, including the casino.
Shuffle Shuffle is the action that refers to shuffling the cards once new decks are introduced. Players can also request shuffles at any point, and the casino may similarly shuffle the shoe if a dealer suspects a card counter is seated.
Hand The term refers to the cards you have in your possession. Each player hand in during a blackjack game consists of at least two cards. You can play with one or two hands by executing an action known as "split in blackjack." Later we will talk about other available actions.
Chips The chips are used as the basic currency to bet with, It's part of the blackjack casino rules. Each chip has a value, usually 1, 5, 25, 50, and 100. Some tables may have slightly bigger chips. Online casinos offer even smaller chips, making them more comfortable playing with a smaller budget.
Blackjack Push When you and the dealer have the same value hand. In this case, your bet will be returned, and no winner will be elected.

Most blackjack rules are centred around the game’s basic concept, or in other words, what makes blackjack the game that we well know today. Almost all of these were invented when the game was first introduced to the United States, and these essential elements of the gameplay are much like they were 150 years ago.

You still have the chips that denote the bets and your hand, which you are trying to win against the dealer’s. Overall, you will be able to memorise those almost instantaneously, but you may always come back and reference them quickly here.

A Step by Step Guide to the Game

  • Step 1

    Find a casino you can trust, and that has been recommended by fellow players and register your account.

  • Step 2

    Go to the available games listed under this game section and see what the casino has to offer. Preferably, you should do this before registering.

  • Step 3

    Ensure that you have a registered account and have funded it with enough funds to play for real money. Alternatively, you can consider the free versions of the game.

  • Step 4

    Now, select the version that you feel the most comfortable with or willing to play. Some casinos may allow you to play for free as well as for real money. Make sure you are familiar with blackjack rules!

  • Step 5

    Prepare to choose your bet size and the stake you are willing to risk during your first play. This process repeats itself for each hand.

  • Step 6

    You will now receive two cards that are visible to everyone on the table. The dealer gets one card face up and a second one face down. This second card is known as a "hole" card, and it will keep you in suspense.

  • Step 7

    You can choose to do several things, but most commonly, players debate whether to get another card or not. The dealer may also get another card if they decide to.

  • Step 8

    At the end of the dealing and decision turns, all cards are revealed, and the person or players with the highest point count that hasn't crossed 21 is the winner.

  • Step 9

    Once the round is over, you can go to the step deciding what your next bet should be, walk away or up the ante.

This sequence repeats itself throughout your gameplay sessions. Players will find that both the brick-and-mortar and online version of the game boils down to the same sequence of actions. Besides, online casinos allow players to do some blackjack practice, playing in demo versions.

Online games tend to be a little quicker in general, because a live dealer doesn't have to collect the cards, but they are swept away automatically by the software. In a brick-and-mortar casino, you have to wait for the dealer to reset the cards.

Bear in mind that some casinos do not allow you to touch cards and you can only indicate what you want to do using hand signals. We have covered these in a separate section here.

Variety of Blackjack Rules: Simple and Easy

The game comes with several small rules that you preferably want to commit to memory. To save you some time looking for what these are, we have decided to elaborate on the rules of blackjack and give you a very neat little description of what you should keep an eye out for and why. First, we will start with the so-called basic and simple blackjack rules to help.

So you are looking to play a game you clearly enjoy and want to get better at, or have some more fun with. These are perfectly valid reasons to pursue your hobby, and here is how you get started. Usually, even various types of game boil down to the same basic rules. In certain games, such as Blackjack flash, these rules may vary a bit.

Basic Blackjack Rules

So, you would need to understand some basic black jack rules before you may approach any table – whether at a land-based casino or online. The good news is the black jack rules are actually straightforward. We recommend taking a look at the sheet below.

There, you will find all the blackjack rules you need to start playing right away. Next, pick a demo version of the game and just play around with what you have just learned. Let’s take a look at the rules:

  • Hit

    The hit is the primary action you can make in the game. This simply tells the dealer that you are willing to have another card dealt your way. Many players take at least one extra card, but in most cases, that will depend on what specific strategy they are using and what cards have been dealt with already.

  • Stand

    If a player is happy with the cards that have been dealt with, they will choose to stand. This means that you are happy with your hand right as it is and you are ready to see what the dealer's hand is.

  • Double Down

    So what’s double down in blackjack. To double down means that you are actually quite sure about what your hands are holding and as such you want to double the size of your bet, hence the name. Players go for this option when they are sure that their hand is too strong to beat statistically.

  • Split

    A blackjack split or split pairs means that you wish to split your first two cards and play with two individual hands instead. This is possible when your hands are of identical value, although there may be some casino-specific restrictions. For example, some casinos and versions only allow a split when the cards are of the exact same type.

  • Resplit

    Some variants of the Blackjack 21 will even allow you to resplit once you have already split. This rule will change from one casino to the next, so it's best to see what specific rules apply. Everything is explained transparently, so don't worry about getting overwhelmed with rules.

  • Splitting Tens

    This is the most common type of split allowed. Split tens means that you are allowed to split two cards so long as their value is ten points, regardless of their numeric value, i.e. whether a 10 + K or Q + J and so on.

Hand Signals

While the blackjack card game rules are quite simple, you may actually be excited to find out that there are a few specific signals you can pick to indicate your intention. It's quite fun to be familiar with these hand signals, as they will make you more involved with the experience and quickly put you apart from the casual players. These rules apply at a brick-and-mortar casino.

If you do wish to add a sort of authority to your stature as a player, then learning how to play with hand rules is something worth acquiring as a skill. Here are a few for you:

  • Hit. Tap the table and point the finger at your cards.

  • Stand. Wave your hands horizontally to indicate that you are happy with the cards you have got.

  • Blackjack double down. Place an extra bet in a separate stack and raise a finger to let the dealer know.

  • Split. Place an extra bet in a separate stack and hold up two fingers to let the dealer know you are splitting your hand.

It's important to remember that you are not allowed to touch the cards in most cases, so clear that up with the casino as well. Now, these rules will apply for almost all games, but there is the face-down blackjack game you ought to consider. There, the hand signals are just slightly different, and specifically:

  • Hit. Just scrape the table with your index finger.

  • Stand. Place your cards under your chip stack (here you may touch your cards)

  • Double down. Reveal your cards, add a second bet to the original stack and hold up one finger.

  • Split. Blackjack splitting is almost the same as doubling down your cards. Add a second bet and hold up two fingers.

This etiquette may seem a little excessive, but once you commit it to memory, you will see how much more efficient it is to play this way. It saves time, and it's relatively quick all-around, so why not? Blackjack rules are always quick, fun and easy!

Additional Rules

  • Blackjack insurance

    You are allowed to take a side bet known as insurance when you see that the dealer's first hand is an Ace. This way, if you end up losing, you will be entitled to retrieve half of your stake back.

  • Surrender

    Surrender is a common option that is usually always available with all variants and all casinos. If you choose to surrender, you will only end up losing half of your bet. Some players choose this option when they feel that there is a very small chance for them to succeed statistically.

  • 21+3

    This is an interesting side bet that considers the player's hand along with the dealer's visible card. The player wins if three cards form a flush, straight, straight flush or three-of-a-kind. Evidently, should this outcome fail to produce itself, the casino wins the side bet. There could be other blackjack rules for slightly different game types, too!


If you still have a few questions that need answering about blackjack rules, you are in luck. There is an easy and simple way to catch yourself upon. Look into our FAQ section to truly master blackjack.

  • When is "Hit" or "Stand” necessary?

    Generally, an Ace opening requires you to Hit, but this depends on the second hand. Soft blackjack hands are usually more favourable for you to Hit and as for the rest, it's best to Stand. Detailed strategies exist describing each individual scenario. Black jack rules allow you to choose when to hit and when to stand freely.

  • Can you influence your chances of winning at blackjack?

    Yes, specific strategies allow you to maximise your potential payouts. Depending on the game version, you will have to look into different approaches that enable you to make the most out of your hand and know when to keep betting and withdraw or just stand.

  • What are the strongest cards in the game?

    Based on black jack rules, the Ace is considered the strongest blackjack card because it allows you to play with a "soft hand." This means that you will have much more adaptability when it comes to the way you proceed with your bets.

  • Does the dealer have an advantage?

    Yes, the dealer in a game always plays at a slight advantage. They see your card while you remain unaware of what cards have been dealt with them, or at least the hole card. Besides, the player always draws first, and if they bust, according to the blackjack dealer rules, they don't have to reveal their card.


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